major 2.2

Rooftop garden

During major 2.2, I worked on an outdoor space project (Rooftops).  Rooftops can be more than unusable covers to our buildings;  they can be a  sustainable contribution for our urban future. We will transform those unutilized roofs into places for nature development, recreation, water storage and food-and energy production.

The theme is: Connecting ground level to inside <-> outside Space. You will be developing a vision for transforming  an outdoor rooftop space in strong programmatic and visual relation to ground level and  an indoor space that access the rooftop. In a way that leads to a reassessment of these spaces, in its use as well as its appeal.

The research guide is Alexander’s (1978) design principles of ‘pattern language’: By desktop research and field research you will studying human behavior in outdoor spaces, and use the structure of the patterns as a tool. How can we give shape to design patterns (their ‘look and feel’)? How do they relate with an attached public indoor space? A skill oriented project: Core concepts: Function-Flow-Feel-Force-Fiction

Concept

CHANGES IN MENTAL HEALTH DUE TO THE CORONAVIRUS IN THE NETHERLANDS IN 2020, BY CATEGORY
surveyed by STATISTA

why

Our lifestyle has changed gradually due to the coronavirus. We are not allowed to hang out freely without facial masks outside, and all cafes and restaurants can only be delivered or packaged. As most people work and study at home, the line between home and work blurs and the home becomes a stressful place. As a result, many people are mentally weakened and a new word called Corona Blue has emerged.

People feel more anxious, depressed and stressed. There are people who feel anxiety that they can suffer from the disease themselves, uncertainty in the future that they can no longer work, and feel lonely because they are physically separated from their families. As an international student, living alone in a foreign country feels a lot of loneliness, so I also felt depressed. I took this social issue seriously and started thinking about what activities people needed.

How

As a person who also experienced Corona Blue, I was able to overcome my anxiety and loneliness while gardening. As I watched the growth of one life with little effort, I gained hope and came to have positive thoughts. The habit of watering once a day and observing it can be beneficial enough for your mental health, so I wanted to recommend this wonderful hobby to other people with depression.

  Gardening is also a popular hobby among Dutch people. The unused rooftop area in Rotterdam is 14.5 square meters. This area is the area where each person can allocate 23m2 of private garden. This area is quite enough to grow vegetables for fun.

 

Data visualization

Location

The rooftop space that was not used in the parking tower in central Rotterdam has been redesigned. There were cafes, restaurants, shops, and companies around the 200m radius of this parking lot, but green land was absolutely lacking. Therefore, I want to increase the green ratio of this neighborhood by making my vegetable garden on this rooftop. I reorganized the space that is no longer used in this city center to create an artificial green area, which will become a resting place and a common garden for beginner gardeners, shoppers, and people in need of nature. Not only does the space utilization increase by using the existing space, but also brings more energy to the city by introducing something new to the area. It is also expected to be helpful in attracting tourists as well as providing entertainment to citizens with new attractions.

field research
program

What

I want to use the natural terrain to activate urban agriculture. The reason is that the natural terrain, which is made purely without artificial force, implies its original beauty and function. In particular, China’s terraced rice fields were used as rice paddies by cutting the mountain into stairs to grow food by taking advantage of the geographical feature of the mountain. I want to imitate this and make a terraced vegetable garden on the roof.

If the vegetable garden is made into stairs, several stairs with different soil heights are made. This is because each vegetable has its roots reaching the ground, and at least depending on the depth of the soil, the spectrum of the vegetables that the gardener wants to grow can widen.

I am also going to build an indoor space between the rice terraces. The space will be a place for relaxation and workshops away from the scorching sunlight and labor. In that space, you can take a cup of coffee and get away from the hard work of farming and relax in nature. In addition, it will be a community space where cafes, restaurants and gardeners around the rooftop can interact with each other to acquire knowledge about ingredients and gardening, or to give tips to each other. Or it could be a reason to stay in public for hours for visitors who reach the rooftop simply out of curiosity about a new space.

Zooning plan

6 patterns to choose from ‘A pattern language’, of Christopher Alexander, Oxford university press 1977.

 

61. SMALL PUBLIC SQUARES

69. PUBLIC OUTDOOR ROOM

88. STREET CAFE

161. SUNNY PLACE

176. GARDEN SEAT

177. VEGETABLE GARDEN

 

There is a terraced vegetable garden on the roof where all (rooftop) spaces are sunny places. There are garden seats on the vegetable garden, and the main building, which serves as a rest area and workshop area, is created in the middle. The Orange Zone is made up of shops, where you can buy soil, seeds, flowers, equipment, and related books.

I added a market where you can sell vegetables grown in the vegetable garden or sell books, goods, and food related to gardening. Taking advantage of the characteristics of the parking lot, all stores will be made with pop-up trailers. If you use a vehicle, it will be more difficult to move things from the ground to the rooftop, and it will be an interesting and fun factor for tourists because it is a store related to parking lot.

Process

Drawing

green house design

idea sketch

Entrance design 1

stair

Entrance Design 3

zipline 

Green House Design 2

Shape

Entrance design 2

Process

Modeling

scale model

1:300

main building model

1:300

Process

Render

arial view

workshop

garden

zipline exit

cafe

at night

skywalk

pop-up store trailer

common garden